Basic grammar patterns

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I am happy.

I am happy.
wa ta shi wa u re shi i de su
わたしうれしい です。

My birthday is in January.

My birthday is in January.
ta n jo u bi wa i chi ga tsu de su
たんじょうび一月(いち・がつ) です。
Vocabulary: Months
On this page, you can learn how to say months in Japanese.

I like cats.

I like cats.
wa ta shi wa ne ko ga su ki de su
わたしねこすきです

I have cats.

I have cats.
wa ta shi wa ne ko wo ka t te i ma su
わたしねこかっています

I have two cats.

I have two cats.
wa ta shi wa ne ko wo ni hi ki ka t te i ma su
わたしねこにひきかっています

I have long hair.

I have long hair.
wa ta shi wa ka mi ga na ga i de su.
わたしかみながい です。

Can I have two apples?

Can I have two apples?
ri n go wo fu ta tsu ku da sa i.
りんごふたつ ください

How many people in your family? / There are five people in my family.

How many people in your family?
ka zo ku wa na n ni n de su ka
かぞくなんにん ですか。
  There are five people in my family.
ka zo ku wa go ni n de su
かぞくにん です。

What about Monday? / Monday is not good.

A: What about Monday?
ge tsu yo u biwa do u de su ka
げつようびはどうですか
B: Monday is not good. (Monday doesn’t suit me.)
ge tsu yo u bi wa cho t to
げつようびはちょっと。

How do you go to school? / I go to school by bike.

A: How do you go to school?
do u ya t te ga k ko u ni i ki ma su ka
どうやってがっこういきますか。
B: I go to school by bike.
ji te n sha de ga k ko u ni i ki ma su
じてんしゃがっこういきます

How shall we go to Japan? / Let’s go to Japan by plane.

A: How shall we go to Japan?
do u ya t te ni ho n ni i ki ma sho u ka
どうやってにほんいきましょう
B: Let’s go to school by plane.
hi ko u ki de ni ho n ni i ki ma sho u
ひこうきにほんいきましょう

There is a station.

There is a station.
e ki ga a ri ma su
えきあります

There is a station next to a park.

There is a station next to a park.
ko u e n no to na ri ni e ki ga a ri ma su
こうえんとなりえきあります

There is a cat.

There is a cat.
ne ko ga i ma su
ねこいます

There is a cat on a chair.

There is a cat on a chair.
i su no u e ni ne ko ga i ma su
いすうえねこいます

My car is blue.

My car is blue.
wa ta shi no ku ru ma wa a o i de su
わたしのくるまあおいです。

Who is this person? / This person is my father.

Who is this person?
ko no hi to wa da re de su ka
このひとだれ ですか。
This person is my father.
ko no hi to wa chi chi de su
このひとちち です。

What kind of person is (he or she)? / (He or she) is a strict person.

What kind of person is (he or she)?
do n na hi to de su ka
どんな ひと ですか。
  (He or She) is a strict person.
ki bi shi i hi to de su
きびしい ひと です。