What is the difference between で and に, location marking particles?

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Question

What is the difference between で and に, location marking particles?

Answer

When you talk about a place, you often use ‘in’ or ‘at’ in English. In Japanese, they are で or に.

で can be ‘in’ or ‘at’. に can also be ‘in’ or ‘at’.

When to use で or に

It depends on a verb in a sentence.

  • You use で when you have an action verb in a sentence. Action verbs express action such as stand, sit, read, listen, eat, swim, etc.
  • You use に when a verb is live or stay.

Exercise

Task: Change into Japanese.

  • I study Japanese at library.
  • My older sister stays at a hotel.
  • My father lives in Japan.
  • My older brother works in Japan.
  • I listen to music in a room.

Answer