【Japanese Grammar】How to join adjectives

Sentence pattern
Sentence pattern
この記事は約3分で読めます。

On this page, you can learn how to join more than two adjectives in Japanese. Click here if you want to see the list of Japanese adjectives.

Introduction

‘cute’ is かわいい. ‘small’ is ちいさい. Then, how would you say ‘cute and small’?

The most common mistake is 「かわいい と ちいさい」 because と is ‘and’.

However, と can’t be used to join adjectives. It is used for nouns only.

To join adjectives, you need to use くて or .

  • くて is used after いadjective.
  • で is used after なadjective.

That is why ‘cute and small’ is かわいくてちいさい.

Remove い at the end of いadjective to use くて.

Remove な at the end of なadjective to use で.

Example

いadjective
  • cute: かわいい
  • small: ちいさい

cute and small

Correct: かわいくてちいさい

Incorrect: かわいくてちいさい

なadjective
  • kind: しんせつな
  • cool: かっこいい

kind and cool

Correct: しんせつかっこいい

Incorrect: しんせつかっこいい

Exercise

Task: Change into Japanese.

  • small and red
  • tall and cool (to describe a person)
  • strict and quiet
  • handsome and kind
  • big and scary
  • ちいさくてあかい
  • せがたかくてかっこいい
  • きびしくてしずかな
  • ハンサムしんせつな
  • おおきくてこわい

Task: Change into English.

  • やすくておいしい
  • きけんこわい
  • うるさくておおきい
  • かわいくてあかい
  • しずかはやい
  • cheap and yummy
  • dangerous and scary
  • loud and big
  • cute and red
  • quiet and fast

Revision quiz

1
Created on By jpn_matome1

Joining adjectives

Answer in Hiragana or Romaji. For example, big and nice is おおきくてすてきな or ookikutesutekina.

1 / 5

dangerous and strange

2 / 5

loud and scary

3 / 5

tall and strict

4 / 5

quiet and kind

5 / 5

cute and small

Your score is

The average score is 60%

0%

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