How to join adjectives in Japanese

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On this page, you can learn how to join more than two adjectives in Japanese. Click here if you want to see the list of Japanese adjectives.

Introduction

‘cute’ is かわいい. ‘small’ is ちいさい. Then, how would you say ‘cute and small’?

The most common mistake is 「かわいい と ちいさい」 because と is ‘and’.

However, と can’t be used to join adjectives. It is used for nouns only.

To join adjectives, you need to use くて or .

  • くて is used after いadjective.
  • で is used after なadjective.

That is why ‘cute and small’ is かわいくてちいさい

Remember, you need to remove い at the end of いadjective to use くて.

You also need to remove な at the end of なadjective, then use で.

Example

いadjective

cute and small

Correct: かわいくてちいさい

Incorrect: かわいくてちいさい

Remove い at the end of いadjective to use くて.

なadjective

kind and cool

Correct: しんせつかっこいい

Incorrect: しんせつかっこいい

Remove な at the end of なadjective to use で.

Exercise

Task: Change into Japanese.

  • small and red
  • tall and cool (to describe a person)
  • strict and quiet
  • handsome and kind
  • big and scary

Task: Change into English.

  • やすくておいしい
  • きけんこわい
  • うるさくておおきい
  • かわいくてあかい
  • しずかはやい

Answer

Review

Choose ‘test’ at the bottom right of Quizlet below, if you take a test. You can pass it if you get over 50%.

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