How to join verbs, using たform

sentence pattern
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On this page, you can learn how to join sentences, using たform.

Introduction

‘eat’ is たべる. ‘drink’ is のむ. Then, how would you say ‘eat and drink’?

The most common mistake is 「たべる と のむ」 because と is ‘and’.

However, と can’t be used to join verbs. It is used for nouns only.

To join verbs, all you need to do is to change the verbs into たForm then add り at the end of them.

たForm of たべる is たべた. たForm of のむ is のんだ. (Click here if you don’t know how to make たForm.)

That is why, ‘eat and drink’ is

たべたのんだ

If you want to say ‘I eat and drink’, add わたしは at the start, which is ‘I’.

Then add します, which doesn’t have a meaning in this case, at the end of the sentence.

わたし は たべたり、のんだり します。

As you can see, it is often put a Japanese comma 「、」 after the first verb.

You may like to have what to eat and what to drink, ‘I eat sushi and drink beer.’

To do that, you need to place すし (sushi) in front of たべたり and ビール (beer) in front of のんだり.

I eat sushi and drink beer.

わたし は すし を たべたり、ビール を のんだり します

Past tense

For the past tense, しました needs to be placed at the end of a sentence.

I ate sushi and drank beer.

わたし は すし を たべたり、ビール を のんだり しました

  • Present tense: します
  • Past tense: しました

Exercise

Task: Change into Japanese, using たform.

  • I read books and watch TV.
  • I talk with friends and play games.
  • My father reads newspaper and drinks coffee.
  • My mother makes cakes and listen to music.
  • I watched movies, played soccer and drank wine.

Answer