【Japanese grammar】たり、たりします (tari, tarishimasu) = verb and verb: how to join or list verbs, using た form

Sentence pattern
Sentence pattern

On this page, you can learn how to join (or list) verbs, using た form.


You need Verb た Form for this sentence pattern. Click here if you don’t know it.

Sentence pattern

verb and verb

verb た form + り、verb た form + りします


eat and drink


Step by step

‘eat’ is たべる. ‘drink’ is のむ.

Then, how would you say ‘eat and drink’?

The most common mistake is 「たべる と のむ」 because と is ‘and’.

However, と can’t be used to join verbs.

It is used for nouns only.

To join verbs, all you need to do is to

  • change the verbs into たForm then
  • add り at the end of them.

たForm of たべる is たべた.

たForm of のむ is のんだ.

Click here if you don’t know how to make たForm.

That is why, ‘eat and drink’ is

eat and drink

たべた り のんだ 

Present tense

If you want to say ‘I eat and drink’, add わたしは at the start, which is ‘I’.

Then add します, which doesn’t mean anything in this case, at the end of the sentence.

I eat and drink.

わたし は たべたり、のんだり します。

As you can see, it is often put a Japanese comma 「、」 after the first verb.

You may like to have what to eat and what to drink, which is, ‘I eat sushi and drink beer.’

To do that, you need to place すし (sushi) in front of たべたり and ビール (beer) in front of のんだり.

I eat sushi and drink beer.

わたし は すし を たべたり、ビール を のんだり します

Past tense

For the past tense, しました needs to be placed at the end of a sentence.

I ate sushi and drank beer.

わたし は すし を たべたり、ビール を のんだ しました

Present tense and past tense

Put します or しました at the end of a sentence. Follow the rule below.

  • Present tense: します
  • Past tense: しました


Task: Change into Japanese, using たform.

  • I read books and watch TV.
  • I talk with friends and play games.
  • My father reads newspaper and drinks coffee.
  • My mother makes cakes and listen to music.
  • I watched movies, played soccer and drank wine.
  • 私は本を読んだり、テレビを見たりします。
  • 私は友だちと話したり、ゲームをしたりします。
  • 父は新聞を読んだり、コーヒーを飲んだりします。
  • 母はケーキを作ったり、おん楽を聞いたりします。
  • 私はえいがを見たり、サッカーをしたり、ワインを飲んだりしました。


Task: Change into English.

  • 私はテニスをしたり、およいだりします。
  • 父はざっしを読んだり、ねたりします。
  • 姉はだいどころをそうじしたり、さらをあらったりしました。


  • I play tennis and swim.
  • My father reads magazines and sleeps.
  • My older sister cleaned a kitchen and washed dishes.