How to join verbs, using てform

sentence pattern
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On this page, you can learn how to join sentences, using てform.

Introduction

‘eat’ is たべる. ‘drink’ is のむ. Then, how would you say ‘eat and drink’?

The most common mistake is 「たべる と のむ」 because と is ‘and’.

However, と can’t be used to join verbs. It is used for nouns only.

To join verbs, all you need to do is to change all the verbs but the last one into てForm.

てForm of たべる is たべて. (Click here if you don’t know how to make てForm.)

That is why, ‘eat and drink’ is

たべ、のむ

If you want to say ‘I eat and drink’, add わたしは at the start, which is ‘I’.

わたし は たべ、のむ。

As you can see, it is often put a Japanese comma 「、」 after the verbs (except the last one).

You may like to have what to eat and what to drink, ‘I eat sushi and drink beer.’ for example.

To do that, you need to place すし (sushi) in front of たべて and ビール (beer) in front of のむ.

わたし は すし を たべ、ビール を のむ。

Don’t forget を, object marking particle, in front of each verb.

Exercise

Task: Change into Japanese.

  • I read books and watch TV.
  • My father eats breakfast and drinks coffee.

Task: Change into English.

  • 私は友だちと話して、テニスをする。
  • 母はケーキを作って、おん楽を聞く。

Kanji

Answer