【Japanese grammar】Let’s learn how to join sentences, using し.

Sentence pattern
Sentence pattern
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Basic rule

How to join sentences, using し

  • し means ‘and’ in this case.
  • You can join any sentences using し.
  • The subject of sentences does not have to be the same before and after し.
  • It doesn’t matter if a sentence finishes with Plain Form or Polite Form. Both are acceptable.

Same subject

These are examples of the same subject before and after し.

Example
  • みきはやさしいですかわいいです。(Miki is kind and cute.)
  • マイケルはしんせつだかっこいい。(Michael is kind and cool.)

Different subjects

The subject of sentences can be different before and after し.

Example
  • 今日はさむいねむい。(It is cold today and I am sleepy.)
  • 兄はよく食べる父は仕事をしない。(My older brother eats a lot and my father does not work.)

し、し、adjective

し、し、adjective

This sentence pattern allows you to describe somebody or something with reasons. List more than two reasons using し, then add a sentence for the description.

Example
  • コンビニはべんりだ、町はにぎやかだ、さいこうです。(Convenience stores are convenient and the town is lively, so it’s great.)
  • 学校はたいへんです、ボーイフレンドとはうまくいかないです、さいあくです。(School is hard and I don’t get along with my boyfriend, so it’s terrible.)
  • このくつはかたい、高かった、次はもう買わない。(The shoes are hard and they were also expensive, so I won’t buy them next time.)

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