Family: I have to vacuum at home.

Basic sentence
Basic sentence
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On this page, you can learn how to say what chores you do at home in Japanese.

Key Sentence

First box: English, Second box: Romaji, Last box: Japanese writing and audio

I have to vacuum at home.
wa ta shi wa i e de so u ji ki wo ka ke na ke re ba na ri ma se n
そうじきをかけなければなりません

One by one

  • 私 → I
  • は → no meaning
  • 家(いえ) → home
  • で → at
  • そうじきをかけな(なform) → vacuum
  • ければなりません → have to

Note

vacuum is そうじきをかける. そうじき is a vacuum cleaner.

【Vocabulary】Home appliances
Do you know washing machine, refrigerator, TV or computer in Japanese? Let's check them all here.

Vocabulary

【Vocabulary】Verbs for family chores
Do you know vacuum, wash dishes, mow the lawn or do the laundry in Japanese? Let's check them all here.

Grammar

【Japanese grammar】Verb な form + ければなりません (kereba narimasen) = must, have to: how to express duty or obligation
Let's learn how to say those sentences in Japanese: My uncle must read magazines till 4 o'clock. My younger sister has to come to school tomorrow. My older brother has to study psychology this year.

Review

Task 1: Change into Japanese.

  • I have to do the laundry at home.
  • I have to cook at home.

Task 2: Change into English.

  • 私は家で食きを洗わなければなりません。
  • 私は家でしばふをからなければなりません。

Kanji

Task 3: Listen to answer what you hear in English.

Answer

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