What are you required for each level of JLPT? (Japanese Language Proficiency Test)

JLPT
JLPT
この記事は約5分で読めます。

N1

  • You are required to have the level of Japanese which is equivalent to what Japanese high school students acquire by the end of Year 12.
  • For example, N1 reading texts are as hard as those for university entrance exams in Japan.
  • You should be able to understand by reading difficult texts in Japanese including newspaper, novels, essays with no trouble of Kanji characters and listening to difficult news in Japanese.

N2

  • You are required to have the level of Japanese which is equivalent to what Japanese junior high school students acquire by the end of Year 9.
  • For example, N2 reading texts are as hard as those for high school entrance exams in Japan.
  • You should be able to understand by reading texts in Japanese including newspaper, novels, essays with no trouble of Kanji characters and listening to Japanese news.

N3

  • Polite Form (です、ます) and Plain Form for reading and listening
  • Honorifics
  • There is no space between words in a sentence.

N4

  • Polite Form (です、ます) for reading
  • Polite Form (です、ます) and Plain Form for listening
  • Some basic Kanji characters are written without Furigana.
  • There is no space between words in a sentence.

Grammar, sentence patterns and vocabulary you should know for N4

  • The requirement for N5
  • Dictionary Form + ことができます
  • てForm + はいけません
  • てForm + もいいです
  • てForm + いるところです
  • てForm + もらいます
  • てForm + くれます
  • てForm + あげます
  • てForm + ほしい
  • たForm + ほうがいいです
  • なForm + ければなりません
  • なForm + くてもいいです
  • なForm + いでください
  • conjunction し、と、とき、ら
  • Adjective + なります
  • to join more than two adjectives
  • Plain Form + そうです
  • Plain Form + ようです
  • Plain Form + かもしれません
  • Plain Form Present tense + ことにします
  • Sentence (finish with Plain Form) + と思います
  • Relative Clause
  • Set phrases (business)

N5

  • Polite Form (です、ます)
  • All Kanji characters are written with Furigana.
  • Very basic words are written in Kanji. Not very basic, but still basic ones are written in Hiragana.
  • There is a space between words in a sentence.

Grammar, sentence patterns and vocabulary you should know for N5

  • Katakana words
  • Verb basic Kanji words
  • Basic verbs
  • Basic nouns
  • Basic adjectives
  • Basic conjunctions
  • Basic particles
  • Question words
  • Time expressions
  • Numbers
  • Counters
  • How to tell time
  • があります、がいます (there is)
  • Location expressions
  • て、(to list or add verbs)
  • たり、たり (to list or add verbs)
  • から、ので (reason)
  • Present tense (verb and adjective in Polite Form)
  • Past tense (verb and adjective in Polite Form)
  • AからBまで (from A to B)
  • Stem Form + たいです (want to)
  • Stem Form + ませんか
  • Stem Form + ましょう
  • Stem Form + ながら
  • てForm + います
  • てForm + ください
  • Relative Clause (I guess this is not for N5, but you should know it if you want to get a full mark.)
  • Set phrases (greeting, self introduction, appreciation, accepting, declining, phrases at a shop)

Possible topics

  • school, class, lesson, how to get to school
  • daily life (present tense, past tense)

Possible text types

  • diary
  • notice
  • note
  • poster
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