【Japanese Vocabulary】difference between 食事 (shokuji) and まかない (makanai)


食事 (sho ku ji)

Meaning: meal
  • 食事 is a common word for ‘meal’.

まかない (ma ka na i)

Meaning: meal
  • まかない, 賄い in Kanji, is a meal before you start to work.
  • You may get まかない if you work at a restaurant or diner in the afternoon or evening.
  • They don’t have to give まかない to you, it is up to them. T
  • They should give you まかない if they said they would when they hire you.
  • It can be free, half price etc. It is also up to them.

Read a recruitment ad carefully and find the word まかない or 賄い if you want to be fed at where you work.

  • このバイトはまかないがおいしい。(This part time job offers a yummy meal.)
  • 若いころはまかない付きのバイトばかりしていた。(I had many part time jobs with meals when I was young.)

The photo below is a seafood bowl as a まかない at a restaurant in Tsukiji Tokyo where you have a famous Tsukiji Fish Market. A seafood bowl is usually quite expensive so you are lucky if you could get one as a まかない.