Passive Sentence

Sentence pattern
Sentence pattern
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On this page, you can learn how to make a passive sentence in Japanese.

Passive Sentence in English

The passive sentence in English is ‘be + past participle’. Here are some examples:

  • Cakes are made by my mother.
  • The house was built by my father.
  • The car was broken by my younger brother.

Passive Form

Passive Form is needed to make a passive sentence in Japanese. Click here to learn how to make Passive Form.

Make a passive sentence in Japanese

This is how you translate the three sentences at the top of this page into Japanese. ‘by’ is によって. The words in a bracket are Polite Passive Form.

Example

Cakes are made by my mother.

ケーキは母によって作られる(作られます)。

Example

The house was built by my father.

その家は父によってたてられた(たてられました)。

Example

The car was broken by my younger brother.

その車は弟によってこわされた(こわされました)。

Exercise

Task: Change into Japanese, using Polite Passive Form.

  • The book was written by me.
  • The meal was made by my younger sister.
  • I was seen by the boy.
  • The olympic was held in Brazil. (hold: おこなう)
  • The next olympic will be held in Tokyo. (‘will be held’ is same as ‘is held’ in Japanese. Click here for more details.)
  • A boy was killed by a man at a park yesterday.

  • その本(ほん)は私によって書(か)かれました。
  • その食事(しょくじ)は妹(いもうと)によって作(つく)られました。
  • 私はその男(おとこ)の子(こ)によって見(み)られました。
  • オリンピックはブラジルでおこなわれました。
  • つぎのオリンピックは東京(とうきょう)でおこなわれます。
  • 男(おとこ)の子(こ)はきのうこうえんで男(おとこ)によってころされました。

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