【Japanese grammar: noun + がいます (ga imasu) = There is + noun】how to describe where someone is

Sentence pattern
Sentence pattern
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On this page, you can learn Japanese grammar to describe where someone (people, animals) is.

Sentence pattern

There is + noun

noun + がいます

せんせい
せんせい

You need to translate from the end of the sentence.

Example

れい

There is a frog.

かえるがいます

Note

Noun has to be a person or an animal to use がいます.

Use あります instead of います, if Noun is an object.

  • います:used with people and animals
  • あります:used with objects

There is not

Change います into いません if you want to say ‘There is not’.

れい

There is not a tiger.

とらがいません

Exercise

Task: Change into Japanese.

  • There is a child.
  • There are dogs.
  • There are cats.
  • There is not a horse.
  • There is not a bee.
  • 子どもがいます。
  • 犬がいます。
  • ねこがいます。
  • 馬がいません。
  • はちがいません。

Kanji:子(こ)ども、犬(いぬ)、馬(うま)

Extention

‘noun + がいます’ is often used with location expressions to describe where a person or an animal is.

Example

木(き)の近(ちか)くにカンガルーがいます。

There is a kangaroo near the tree.

Exercise

Task: Change into Japanese.

  • There is a monkey to the left of a bridge.
  • There are cows next to the lake.
  • There are dolphins under the ship.
  • There is not a koala on a car.
  • There is not a spider behind the bin.

Answer

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