There is:【noun + がいます】

sentence pattern
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On this page, you can learn Japanese grammar for saying ‘there is + Noun’. Noun has to be people or animals. Refer to this page if Noun is an object.

Sentence pattern

There is + noun

noun + がいます

Note

You need to translate from the end of the sentence.

Example

There is a frog.

かえるがいます

Note 2: があります

Noun has to be a person or an animal to use がいます. Use あります instead of います, if Noun is an object.

Note 3: There is not

Change います into いません if you want to say ‘There is not’.

Example

There is not a tiger.

とらがいません

Exercise

Task: Change into Japanese.

  • There is a child.
  • There are dogs.
  • There are cats.
  • There is not a horse.
  • There is not a bee.

Answer

Extention

‘noun + がいます’ is often used with location expressions to describe where a person or an animal is.

Example

木(き)の近(ちか)くにカンガルーがいます。

There is a kangaroo near the tree.

Exercise

Task: Change into Japanese.

  • There is a monkey to the left of a bridge.
  • There are cows next to the lake.
  • There are dolphins under the ship.
  • There is not a koala on a car.
  • There is not a spider behind the bin.

Answer