Verb Plain Form and Verb Polite Form

form - verb, adjective
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On this page, you can learn about Verb Plain Form and Verb Polite Form.

Verb Polite Form(ますform)

There are four different verb polite forms. They are used when you speak or write in a polite way.

To make a verb polite form, you need Verb Stem Form, then add either ます, ません, ました or ませんでした.

You can see examples of four different verb polite forms below. The verb is のむ (drink). The stem form of のむ is のみ.

1: Polite present positive form

のみます (drink)

2: Polite present negative form

のみません (don’t/doesn’t drink)

3: Polite past positive form

のみました (drank)

4: Polite past negative form

のみませんでした (didn’t drink)

Verb Plain Form

It is used when you speak or write in a casual way like talking with friends. There are four different verb plain forms. You can see those of のむ (drink) below.

1: Plain present positive form

のむ (drink)

How to make it

It is also called Dictionary Form as it is the same form as in a dictionary.

2: Plain present negative form

のまない (don’t/doesn’t drink)

How to make it

な form + い

3: Plain past positive form

のんだ (drank)

How to make it

た form

4: Plain past negative form

のまなかった (didn’t drink)

How to make it

な form + かった

Exercise for polite form

Task: They are verb polite forms. Write what they mean. Make sure you know basic 30 verbs in advance.

  • およぎます
  • のみました
  • かきませんでした
  • たべます
  • よみません
  • はなしました
  • うんてんしません

Exercise for plain form

Task: They are verb plain forms. Write what they mean. Make sure you know basic 30 verbs in advance.

  • ねた →
  • おきなかった →
  • でんわしない →
  • しめる →
  • はじめた →
  • つかった →
  • みなかった →
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