Vocabulary

【Vocabulary】Time: o’clock, minutes (5s and 10s), half past, am, pm

Vocabulary
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Important vocabulary for time

  • o’clock(じ/ji)
  • minute(ふん/fu n)or(ぷん/pu n)
  • half past(じはん/ji ha n)
  • now(いま/i ma)
  • am(ごぜん/go ze n)
  • pm(ごご/go go)
  • what time(なんじ/na n ji)

o’clock

  • 1 o’clock(一じ/i chi ji
  • 2 o’clock(二じ/ni ji
  • 3 o’clock(三じ/sa n ji
  • 4 o’clock(四じ/yo ji
  • 5 o’clock(五じ/go ji
  • 6 o’clock(六じ/ro ku ji
  • 7 o’clock(七じ/shi chi ji
  • 8 o’clock(八じ/ha chi ji
  • 9 o’clock(九じ/ku ji
  • 10 o’clock(十じ/ju u ji
  • 11 o’clock(十一じ/ju u i chi ji
  • 12 o’clock(十二じ/ju u ni ji

half past

  • half past 1(一じはん/i chi ji ha n
  • half past 2(二じはん/ni ji ha n
  • half past 3(三じはん/sa n ji ha n
  • half past 4(四じはん/yo ji ha n
  • half past 5(五じはん/go ji ha n
  • half past 6(六じはん/ro ku ji ha n
  • half past 7(七じはん/shi chi ji ha n
  • half past 8(八じはん/ha chi ji ha n
  • half past 9(九じはん/ku ji ha n
  • half past 10(十じはん/ju u ji ha n
  • half past 11(十一じはん/ju u i chi ji ha n
  • half past 12(十二じはん/ju u ni ji ha n

minute (5, 15, 25, 35, 45, 55)

Make sure you can write ふ(fu)correctly.

  • 5 minutes(五ふん/go fu n
  • 15 minutes(十五ふん/ju u go fu n
  • 25 minutes(二十五ふん/ni ju u go fu n
  • 35 minutes(三十五ふん/sa n ju u go fu n
  • 45 minutes(四十五ふん/yo n ju u go fu n
  • 55 minutes(五十五ふん/go ju u go fu n

minute (10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60)

Make sure the difference between ふ(fu)and ぷ(pu). You need a circle at the top right when you write ぷ.

  • 10 minutes(十ぷん/ju p pu n
  • 20 minutes(二十ぷん/ni ju p pu n
  • 30 minutes(三十ぷん/sa n ju p pu n
  • 40 minutes(四十ぷん/yo n ju p pu n
  • 50 minutes(五十ぷん/go ju p pu n
  • 60 minutes(六十ぷん/ro ku ju p pu n

am, pm

  • am(ごぜん/go ze n)
  • pm(ごご/go go)
せんせい
せんせい

They come BEFORE time in Japanese.

Example
  • 1 am = ごぜん一じ
  • 2 am = ごぜん二じ
  • 3:15 pm = ごご三じ十五ふん
  • 6:40 pm = ごご六じ四十ぷん
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