Japanese pronoun

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On this page, you can learn about Japanese pronouns.

First person singular

All of the words below are ‘I’.

  • 私(わたし):most common word to use
  • 俺(おれ):casual, not polite word, used by men only
  • わし:casual, not polite word, used by men only

Second person singular

All of the words below are ‘you’.

  • あなた:most common word to use
  • あんた:casual, not polite word
  • きさま:rude word
  • てめえ:very rude word

Third person singular

  • 彼(かれ):means ‘he’, most common to use
  • 彼女(かのじょ):means ‘she’, most common to use
  • こいつ:means ‘he’, rude word
  • そいつ:means ‘he’, rude word
  • あいつ:means ‘he’, rude word
  • やつ:means ‘he’, rude word

Note

‘He’ is very close to you if you use こいつ. ‘He’ is a bit far away from you if you use そいつ. ‘He’ is far away from you if you use あいつ.

First person plural

私たち(わたし・たち):means ‘we’

Second person plural

あなたたち:means ‘you’

Third person plural

  • 彼ら(かれ・ら):means ‘they’, most common to use
  • こいつら:means ‘they’, rude word
  • そいつら:means ‘they’, rude word
  • あいつら:means ‘they’, rude word

Note

‘They’ are very close to you if you use こいつら. ‘They’ are a bit far away from you if you use そいつら. ‘They’ are far away from you if you use あいつら.