Japanese adjectives

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On this page, you can learn basic Japanese adjectives and what the Japanese adjective groups are.

Introduction: Japanese adjectives

Japanese adjectives are divided into two groups: One is いadjective and the other one is なadjective.

The adjective which belongs to いadjective finishes with い at the end of the word. The adjective which belongs to なadjective finishes with な at the end of the word.

Example

いadjective

おいし(yummy)

なadjective

しんせつ(kind)

Adjective list

Basic adjectives

いadjective

おいしい(yummy)

あまい(sweet)

かわいい(cute)

きびしい(strict)

さむい(cold)

ちいさい or 小さい(small)

おおきい or 大きい(big)

あかい or 赤い(red)

かっこいい(cool to describe people or objects)

やすい or 安い(cheap)

はやい(fast)

せがたかい or せが高い(tall to describe people)

ほそい(thin)

こわい(scary)

あつい(hot)

うるさい(loud)

なadjective

しんせつな(kind)

かんたんな(easy)

へんな(strange)

しずかな(quiet)

きけんな(dangerous)

ハンサムな(handsome)

Exercise

  • Learn Basic 22 Japanese adjectives above by Writing them down in your book. Try to write in Kanji when applicable if you can.
  • Complete the test in Quizlet below. Move to this page if you get over 60%. Choose ‘test’ at the bottom right of Quizlet to start a test.

What you learn next

Adjective Plain Form and Adjective Polite Form
On this page, you can learn the basic knowledge of Japanese adjectives including Adjective Plain Form and Adjective Polite Form.
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