Three types of Japanese alphabets
Let’s learn basic information of Japanese alphabets.
Japanese people say Kana to indicate both Hiragana and Katakana.
Let’s have a glance at Hiragana characters.
|t||た||ち (chi)||つ (tsu)||て||と|
Let’s have a glance at Katakana characters.
|t||タ||チ (chi)||ツ (tsu)||テ||ト|
There are heaps of Kanji characters, so let’s have a glance at them.
- number in Kanji → 一二三四五六七八九十百千万
- people in Kanji → 父母子兄弟姉妹家族人友私男女者
- body part in Kanji → 目口耳手体
- season in Kanji → 春夏秋冬
- animal in Kanji → 牛魚馬犬
- colour in Kanji → 赤青白黒銀色
Japanese writing system
Let’s watch a video (up to 1 minute and 30 seconds) to understand how Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji characters are used.
Basic rule for writing a Japanese alphabet
When you write a Japanese alphabet, it is important to remember that you write them:
- from left to right
- from top to bottom
For example, when you write い, the first stroke is the left line and the second stroke is the right line.
Another example is う. The first stroke is the short line at the top and the second stroke is the curve line, which you need to write from top to bottom as well.
This rule applies to Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji symbols.
Japanese sound system
In English, the same alphabet can be pronounced differently in a word.
For example, the word ‘Australia’ has three ‘a’ in the word which are pronounced all differently.
This does not happen in Hiragana or Katakana.