sentence pattern

You can tell reason (or cause) as well as consequence (or result) in one sentence using this sentence pattern.

If you just want to tell reason (or cause) in a sentence, use からです.


Sentence A = consequence

Sentence B = reason

English: Sentence A because Sentence B

Japanese: Sentence B から Sentence A


I like my mother because she is kind.


Note 1

Sentence B, which is the first sentence in Japanese, can finish with either Polite Form or Plain Form.

Note 2

When you translate into Japanese, replace a pronoun with what it is.

In the example above, ‘she’ is actually ‘my mother’. So you should use ‘my mother’ instead of ‘her’.

Much less pronouns are used in Japanese than English in general.


Task: Change into Japanese, using から.

  • I like my friends because they are funny.
  • I like the internet because it is convenient.
  • I don’t like school because it is boring.
  • My older brother studies Japanese at school because he needs it in the future.
  • My older sister saves money because she wants to buy a car.

Task: Change into English.

  • すしはおいしいですから私はすしが好きです。
  • おん楽はうるさいですから母はおん楽が好きじゃないです。
  • サッカーはかっこいいですから子どもたちに人気があります。
  • やさいは体にいいですから私は毎日やさいを食べます。
  • 私はうたうことが上手ですからしょう来か手になりたいです。