must (have to):【Verb なform + ければなりません】

sentence pattern
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On this page, you can learn how to express what you have to do in Japanese.

Prerequisite

You need なform for this sentence pattern. Click here if you don’t know it.

Sentence pattern

must (or have to) + verb

verb なform + ければなりません

Example

I must finish homework by tomorrow.

私は明日までにしゅくだいをおえなければなりません

Note

You don’t have to translate ‘you’ if ‘you’ is the subject of a sentence.

Example

You must wash dishes.

あなたはさらを洗わなければなりません

Exercise

Task: Change into Japanese.

  • My uncle must read magazines till 4 o’clock.
  • My younger sister has to come to school tomorrow.
  • My older brother has to study psychology this year.
  • You must buy milk for me.
  • I have to go to London by taxi tomorrow.

Answer