There is:【noun + があります】

sentence pattern
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On this page, you can learn Japanese grammar for saying ‘there is + Noun’. Noun has to be an object. Refer to this page if Noun is a person or an animal.

Sentence pattern

There is + noun

noun + があります

Note

You need to translate from the end of the sentence.

Example

There is a book.

本(ほん)があります

Note 2: がいます

Noun has to be an object, to use があります. Use います instead of あります, if Noun is a person or an animal.

Note 3: There is not

Change あります into ありません if you want to say ‘There is not’.

Example

There is not a chair.

いすがありません

Exercise

Task: Change into Japanese.

  • There is a library.
  • There is a pencil.
  • There are chairs.
  • There are not cars.
  • There is not a ruler.

Answer

Extention

‘noun + があります’ is often used with location expressions to describe where an object is.

Example

テレビの前(まえ)に本(ほん)があります。

There is a book in front of a TV.

Exercise

Task: Change into Japanese.

  • There is a bag next to shoes.
  • There are scissors to the right of a watch.
  • There is a window above a sofa.
  • There is not a supermarket near my house.
  • There are not pencils in a pencil case.

Answer