Vocabulary

Vocabulary: My family

Vocabulary
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On this page, you can learn how to say people in a family in Japanese with a video and online cards and quizzes. Click here if you want to learn how to say people in somebody else’s family.

Vocabulary list

my father: ちち(父)/ chi chi
my mother: はは(母)/ ha ha
my older brother: あに(兄)/ a ni
my older sister: あね(姉)/ a ne
my younger brother: おとうと(弟)/ o to o to
my younger sister: いもうと(妹)/ i mo o to
my uncle: おじ / o ji
my aunt: おば / o ba
my grandfather: そふ / so fu
My grandmother: そぼ / so bo

Note 1: for your own family only

The words above are used when you talk about your family. Use those when you talk about somebody else’s family.

Note 2: the oldest, the youngest

Use 一番上の for the oldest and 一番下の for the youngest to describe people in your family.

the oldest sister
  • Kanji: 一番上の
  • Hiragana: いち・ばん・うえ・の・あね

the youngest brother
  • Kanji: 一番下の
  • Hiragana: いち・ばん・した・の・おとうと

Note 3: plural

Put the counter for people after brothers or sisters if you want to talk about more than one brother or sister.

two younger sisters
  • Kanji: 妹二人
  • Hiragana: いもうとふたり
three older brothers
  • Kanji: 弟三人
  • Hiragana: おとうとさんにん

Note 4: How you call people in your family

For example, you may like to say to your mother, “I am sorry mum.” when you did something wrong. In this case, you need to say, お母さん、ごめんなさい。not 母、ごめんなさい。

Here is the quick index of how you call people in your family. The words in yellow are most commonly used:

  • father: お父(とう)さん、父(とう)ちゃん、おやじ
  • mother: お母(かあ)さん、母(かあ)ちゃん、おふくろ
  • older brother: お兄(にい)ちゃん、兄(にい)ちゃん、あにき
  • older sister: お姉(ねえ)ちゃん、姉(ねえ)ちゃん、あねき
  • younger brother: his name
  • younger sister: her name
  • uncle: おじさん、おじちゃん
  • aunt: おばさん、おばちゃん
  • grandfather: おじいちゃん、じいちゃん、じっちゃん
  • grandmother: おばあちゃん、ばあちゃん、ばっちゃん

Video

The video is not completely compatible with this page. You may see words that are not introduced on this page.

Top 20 Must-Know Family Words in Japanese

Flashcards etc

Quiz 1

Task: Write the name of members in a family in English.

Your full name
ちち
あね
はは
おとうと
あに
いもうと

Quiz 2

Task: Write the name of people in a family in Romaji.

  • Put a space between each Romaji.
  • For example, the Romaji of トマト (tomato) is 'to ma to'.
Your full name
おとうと
いもうと
ちち
あね
はは
あに

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