On this page, you can learn how to say people in a family in Japanese with a video and online cards and quizzes. Click here if you want to learn how to say people in somebody else’s family.
Note 1: for your own family only
The words above are used when you talk about your family. Use those when you talk about somebody else’s family.
Note 2: the oldest, the youngest
Use 一番上の for the oldest and 一番下の for the youngest to describe people in your family.
Note 3: plural
Put the counter for people after brothers or sisters if you want to talk about more than one brother or sister.
Note 4: How you call people in your family
For example, you may like to say to your mother, “I am sorry mum.” when you did something wrong. In this case, you need to say, お母さん、ごめんなさい。not 母、ごめんなさい。
Here is the quick index of how you call people in your family. The words in yellow are most commonly used:
- father: お父（とう）さん、父（とう）ちゃん、おやじ
- mother: お母（かあ）さん、母（かあ）ちゃん、おふくろ
- older brother: お兄（にい）ちゃん、兄（にい）ちゃん、あにき
- older sister: お姉（ねえ）ちゃん、姉（ねえ）ちゃん、あねき
- younger brother: his name
- younger sister: her name
- uncle: おじさん、おじちゃん
- aunt: おばさん、おばちゃん
- grandfather: おじいちゃん、じいちゃん、じっちゃん
- grandmother: おばあちゃん、ばあちゃん、ばっちゃん
The video is not completely compatible with this page. You may see words that are not introduced on this page.