Effective words for your Japanese writing

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It is important to make your writing logical, especially when your writing needs to be informative, evaluative and persuasive. Here is the list of the words which help you to write in Japanese logically.

Also

  • また

It is used at the start of a sentence.

Example

車ははやくてべんりです。また、さいきんの車はかんきょうにいいです。

Cars are fast and convenient. Also, cars these days are environmentally friendly.

On the other hand

  • いっぽう(一方)

Firstly

  • まず
  • だいいちに(第一に)

Note

だいいちに(第一に)is same as まず but sounds more formal.

Secondly

  • つぎに(次に)
  • だいにに(第二に)

Note

だいにに(第二に)is same as つぎに but sounds more formal.

According to A

Example

インターネットのきじによると、日本人の半分いじょうがカラオケをしたことがあるそうです。

According to the article on the internet, more than half of Japanese people have done Karaoke.

In summary

  • まとめると

It is used at the start of a conclusion paragraph.

Besides

  • さらに

Example

日本の多くの子どもは学校で朝から夕方まで勉強します。夜もじゅくで勉強します。さらに、週まつも勉強します。

Many kids in Japan study at school from the morning to the evening. They study at a cram school at night. Besides, they study on the weekend too.

However, but

Example

日本は小さい国です。しかし人口は多いです。

Japan is a small country. However, the population is big.

In Japanese, you don’t say 人口は大きい even though you say ‘large or big population’. Use 多い which is many or much.

Note

しかしながら is same as しかし but sounds more formal.

Therefore, that is why

  • だから
  • それゆえに

Example

私はいしゃになりたいです。だから大学に行くつもりです。

I want to become a doctor. Therefore, I intend to go to uni.

Note

それゆえに is same as だから but sounds more formal.

For example

  • たとえば

Example

学校でいろいろなかもくを勉強できます。たとえば、私はドイツ語を勉強します。

You can study various subjects at school. For example, I study German.