【Japanese Grammar: Verb Group】What is Godan Verb?

Form: verb and adjective
Form: verb and adjective
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Verb Group

Godan Verb is one of the three Japanese verb groups.

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Name

Godan Verb is also known as Group 2 or Strong Verb.

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Example

  • よむ:read
  • きく:listen
  • およぐ:swim
  • つかう:use
  • すわる:sit
  • のる:get on
  • はしる:run
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What Godan means

Why are they called Godan Verb?

よむ is Godan Verb. Let’s see some endings of the verb conjugation.

  • なければなりません:have to read
  • たいです:want to read
  • ことがすきです:like to read
  • たら:if (you) read
  • :let’s read

You can see five different characters which are ま, み, む, め, も in front of the endings in bold.

Go is five in Japanese.

Godan verbs change characters in front of conjugation endings.

せんせい
せんせい

Whereas Ichidan verbs do not change them.

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