【Japanese Grammar: Verb Group】There are three verb groups in Japanese.

Form: verb and adjective
Form: verb and adjective
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On this page, you can learn what verb groups Japanese has and how you can find what Japanese verb belongs to which verb group.

Verb Group

There are three verb groups in Japanese.

  • Ichidan Verb Group
  • Godan Verb Group
  • Irregular Verb Group

Name of verb groups

  • Ichidan Verb Group can be Group 1 or Weak Verb Group.
  • Godan Verb Group can be Group 2 or Strong Verb Group.

You should know which verb belongs to which group correctly in order to make different forms such as Stem Form, てForm etc, that you need to make a correct sentence with various sentence patterns.

You can find a correct verb group by following the 3 steps below:

How to find a correct verb group

1st step

Find out if the verb belongs to Irregular Verb.

The following verbs belong to Irregular Verb.

  • する (to do, play sports)
  • くる (to come)
  • もってくる (to bring something)
  • つれてくる (to bring somebody)
  • noun + する(Ex: べんきょうする、そうじする、うんてんする)

つくる(make) does not belong to Irregular Verb even though it has くる in it.

Move to the 2nd step if the verb does not belong to Irregular Verb.

2nd Step

A verb belongs to Ichidan Verb Group, if it ends with i sound + る or e sound + る.

Example
  • べる (be ru)
  • ける (ke ru)
  • める (me ru)
  • しんじる (ji ru)
  • みる (mi ru)
  • きる (ki ru)
  • りる (ri ru)

Move to the 3rd step if the verb does not belong to Group 2.

3rd step

All other verbs belong to Godan Verb Group.

Example
  • よむ
  • およぐ
  • あそぶ
  • まつ
  • のる

Exercise

Task: Find out what verb group the following verbs belong to.

およぐ

Godan Verb

のる

Godan Verb

ねる

Ichidan Verb

する

Irregular Verb

はなす

Godan Verb

たべる

Ichidan Verb

もらう

Godan Verb

おきる

Ichidan Verb

つくる

Godan Verb

まつ

Godan Verb

くる

Irregular Verb

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